How to Choose Epilepsy Treatment Drugs
Epilepsy is one of the chronic neurological disorder where the individual suffers from seizures. The recurrent seizures causes by epilepsy has been in a lot of individuals across the globe. AIDS, stroke, meningitis and traumatic brain injury are believed to be the main causes of epilepsy. The chances of getting epilepsy increases when if the family members has the condition. There are studies which have shown that are some triggers that may cause epilepsy. Stress, lack of sleep, alcohol and illness are some if the triggers that an individual may face if he has the epileptic condition. Epilepsy occurs due to a combination of the triggers it even other causes that might not be known. The type of seizures an individual has will determine the type of medication provided in managing the neurological disorder. The two main types of seizures are focal seizures and generalized seizures. In each the two cause different reactions in individuals with focal causing dizziness, loss of five senses and twitching of limbs while generalized seizures cause loss of bladder and jerking movement of legs and arms.
The treatment drugs and options are provided base son the kind of seizures the epileptic patient has. The side effects of the two types of medication drugs for epilepsy are different. The broad spectrum anti-epilepsy medication drugs treats the various types of seizures and the person can experience fatigue, insomnia and dizziness as side effects of the drugs. The narrow spectrum anti-epilepsy medication is mainly used to manage specific seizures that the person has and the side effects differ depending on which formulation has been administered to the epileptic person. The narrow spectrum anti-epilepsy medication is administered as a solution, oral table or IV injection. The two anti-epilepsy medications are used to control the seizures that person with epilepsy will portray. The triggers that a person has identified are mostly used to show the effectiveness of the drugs. The condition needs to be managed since there are various risk factors.
There are other ways in which epilepsy can be managed when the drugs are not effective on the recurrent seizures. The options available when the medication doesn’t work include the vagus nerve stimulation and brain surgery. Vagus nerve stimulation involves sending electric impulses to the brain using a stimulator device that is placed under the epileptic patient skin. In brain surgery the part that causes seizures is removed but the process is final when it came me to treating epilepsy. Ketogenic diet can also be incorporated since there are studies that show the beneficial value for those who don’t respond to anti-epilepsy drugs.
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